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 From Berlin Bohemia to Hitler:

The Weimar Republic's Crisis Democracy

& the Emergence of German Fascism

 New College of California

Humanities/Interdisciplinary Studies

Spring 2005

Instructor:

Scott J. Thompson

These pages are dedicated to the memory of Rosa Luxemburg and the Spartakist League.


Contents

  Course Syllabus/Assigned Readings   The German Revolution, 1918-1919  Weimar Era Theatre
  Bibliography   The Weimar Republic: Political History German Film during the Weimar Republic
  Geography of Germany & Central Europe The Rise of German Fascism  German Avant-garde Music
 The First World War, 1914-1918  Weimar Era Literature & Authors   Links to German Sites
  The Versailles Treaty 1919  Art & Architecture  

 


The Spartakist Uprising

   


Course Syllabus & Assigned Weekly Readings

Week 1: January 20

The Great War & German Revolution 1918-1919

 Week 2: January 27

The New Republic & The Versailles Treaty 1919-1920

  Week 3: February 3

The Failed Revolution's Republic & the Reaction 1920-1921

 Week 4: February 10

Assassinations & The Emergence of Fascism 1921-1922

 Week 5: February 17

Occupation & Inflation 1922-1923

 Week 6: February 24

Road to Recovery

& New Sobriety

1923-1924

 Week 7: March 3

Neue Sachlichkeit or Cultural Bolschevism

1924-1925

 Week 8: March 10

Americanism vs. the Folk Community

1925-1926

Week 9: March 17

Avant-garde & Agit-prop in the Taylorized Economy

1926-1927

 Week 10: March 31

Cultural Conservatism & Reactionary Modernism

1927-1928

 Week 11: April 7

The Mass Ornament of German Silent Film

1928-1929

 Week 12: April 14

The Golden Years on the Eve of the Great Depression

1929-1930

 Week 13: April 21

Little Man, What Now?: The Parliamentary Progress of the NSDAP

1930-1931

Week 14: April 28

Beginning of the End: From Brüning to Von Papen

1931-1932

 Week 15: May 5

The Bitter End:

From Schleicher to Hitler

1932-1933

 


Links:

General History [In English]

Geography of Germany & Central Europe

The First World War (1914-1918)

The Versailles Treaty (1919)

The German Revolution (1918-1919)

Rosa Luxemburg

The Weimar Republic (1918-33): Political History/Political Parties/Politicians

 


The Coalitions, Chancellors, and Presidents of the Weimar Republic (essential information)

 

 Coalitions  Elections  Chancellor   Enter Office  Leave Office/Resign   Political Party
 SPD, Zentrum; DDP  Jan 1919 Friedrich Ebert

 Nov 1918

Dec 1918

 Dec 1918

Feb 1919

 SPD
 SPD, Zentrum, DDP    Philip Scheidemann  first Chancellor of Weimar Republic, February 13, 1919  Jun 1919  SPD
 SPD, Zentrum, DDP    Gustav Bauer  Jun 1919  Mar 1920  SPD
  SPD, Zentrum, DDP    Hermann Müller  appointed Chancellor: March 27- June 8, 1920  June 1920;  SPD
 Zentrum, DDP, DVP  June 1920  Konstantin Fehrenbach  appointed Chancellor: June 25, 1920  resigns May 4, 1921  Zentrum
 Zentrum, DDP, SPD   Josef Wirth  appointed Chancellor May 10, 1921/ Oct. 1921

 Oct. 1921;

resigns November 14, 1922

 Zentrum
 Zentrum, DDP, DVP    Wilhelm Cuno  appointed Chancellor: November 12, 1922  resigns August 12, 1923  No Party

 DVP, SPD, DDP

Rule by pres.decree (from Sept 1923)

   Gustav Stresemann  appointed Chancellor August 13, 1923/ Oct 1923

 Oct 1923

Nov 1923

 DVP

 Zentrum, DDP, DVP, BVP

Zentrum, DDP, DVP

 June 1924  Wilhelm Marx  appointed Chancellor: November 30, 1923  resigns December 15, 1924  Zentrum

 Zentrum, DVP, DNVP, BVP

Zentrum, DDP, DVP, BVP

 Dec 1924  Dr. Hans Luther  appointed Chancellor: January 15, 1925  resigns May 12, 1926  No Party

 Zentrum, DDP, DVP, BVP

Zentrum, DVP, DNVP, BVP

   Wilhelm Marx

 May 1926

Jan 1927

 Jan 1927

Jun 1928

 Zentrum
 SPD, DDP, Zentrum, BVP, DVP  May 1928  Hermann Müller  June 28, 1928  resigns March 30, 1930  SPD

 Rule by presidential decree

Rule by presidential decree

 Sep 1930  Dr. Heinrich Brüning  appointed Chancellor: March 30, 1930  resigns March 30, 1932  Zentrum

 Rule by presidential decree

Rule by presidential decree

 July 1932  Franz von Papen  appointed Chancellor: March 30, 1932  resigns November 17, 1932  Zentrum/No Party

 Rule by presidential decree

Rule by presidential decree

 Nov 1932  Kurt von Schleicher  appointed Chancellor: December 2, 1932  resigns January 28, 1933  No Party

 Rule by presidential decree

Rule by presidential decree

 Mar 1933  Adolf Hitler  appointed Chancellor: January 30, 1933    NSDAP

 

Presidents of the Weimar Republic

 Friedrich Ebert  becomes Reich President August 21, 1919
 Paul von Hindenburg

 elected Reich President April 27,1925;

re-elected April 10, 1932

 Adolf Hitler  Aug 1934

 

The Reichstag Elections 1920-1933

1st Reichstag Election,

June 6, 1920

 KPD:

4 seats

 USPD:

84 seats

 SPD:

102 seats

 Zentrum

(Centre):

64 seats

 DDP:

39 seats

 DVP:

65 seats

 BVP:

21 seats

 DNVP:

71 seats

2nd Reichstag Election,

May 4, 1924

 KPD:

62 seats

  SPD:

100 seats

 Zentrum

(Centre):

65 seats

  DDP:

28 seats

 DVP:

45 seats

 BVP:

16 seats

 DNVP:

95 seats

 Economics

Party:

10 seats

 Landbund:

10 seats

 Racialists:

32 seats

3rd Reichstag Election,

December 7, 1924

 KPD:

45 seats

  SPD:

131 seats

 Zentrum

(Centre):

69 seats

  DDP:

32 seats

 DVP:

51 seats

 BVP:

19 seats

 DNVP:

103 seats

 Economics

Party:

17 seats

 Landbund:

8 seats

 Racialists:

14 seats

4th Reichstag Election,

May 20, 1928

 KPD:

54 seats

 SPD:

153 seats

 Zentrum

(Centre):

62 seats

 DDP:

25 seats

 DVP:

24 seats

 BVP:

16 seats

 DNVP:

73 seats

  Economics

Party:

23 seats

 Landbund:

3 seats

 Landvolk:

10 seats

 Farmers' Party:

8 seats

 Nazis:

12 seats

5th Reichstag Election,

September 14, 1930

 KPD:

77 seats

 SPD:

143 seats

 Zentrum

(Centre):

68 seats

 DDP:

20 seats

 DVP:

30 seats

 BVP:

19 seats

 DNVP:

41 seats

  Economics

Party:

23 seats

 Landbund:

3 seats

 Landvolk:

19 seats

German Farmers' Party:

6 seats

 Nazis:

107 seats

6th Reichstag Election,

July 31, 1932

 KPD:

89 seats

 SPD:

133 seats

 Zentrum

(Centre):

75 seats

  DDP:

4 seats

  DVP:

7 seats

  BVP:

22 seats

 DNVP:

37 seats

 Economics

Party:

2 seats

 Nazis:

230 seats

7th Reichstag Election,

November 6, 1932

 KPD:

100 seats

 SPD:

121 seats

  Zentrum

(Centre):

70 seats

  DVP:

11 seats

 BVP:

20 seats

 DNVP:

52 seats

 Nazis:

196 seats

 November 17, 1932: Chancellor Franz von Papen resigns
 December 2, 1932: Kurt von Schleicher appointed Chancellor
 January 28, 1933: Von Schleicher resigns
 January 30, 1933: Hitler appointed Chancellor
 February 27, 1933: Reichstag Fire
 February 28, 1933: Decree to Protect the German People & the State

 

8th Reichstag Election,

March 5 , 1933

 KPD:

81 seats

 SPD:

120 seats

  Zentrum

(Centre):

74 seats

  DVP:

2 seats

 BVP:

18 seats

 DNVP:

52 seats

 Nazis:

288 seats

 

Political Parties & Politicians

 


The Rise of Fascism in Italy & Germany/Neofascism

Italy

Germany

Neo-fascism

 

 


Berlin: The City as Body, the City as Metaphor

[Stanford University Department of German]


Literature

 


WEIMAR AND NOW: GERMAN CULTURAL CRITICISM

 University of California Press


Art & Architecture

 


Art History Resources on the Web:

20th Century Art

 


Cabaret Voltaire: DaDa/Situationist

 


Otto Dix

George Grosz (1893-1959)

John Heartfield

 

 


Weimar Era Theatre

Leopold Jessner (1878 -1945)

Max Reinhardt (1873-1943)

Vsevolod Meyerhold (18__-19__)

Erwin Piscator (1893-1966)

Bertolt Brecht (1898-1956)

Brechtian Terms

Brecht's Marxist Aesthetic by Douglas Kellner

BRECHT & PISCATOR: Experimental Theatre in Berlin during the 1920s

Short History of Early Workers Theatre in Germany

German Cabaret Between the Wars

Berlin in the 1920s: Conversations with Otto Klemperer and Lotte Lenya


German Film History/Directors/Actors/Screenplaywrights/Individual Films

   

 

Directors

 Karl Grune (Dir.)[from german-cinema.de]

 

 Robert Wiene (Dir.)

 

 G.W. Pabst (Dir.) [page of links from Louise Brooks Studies]  Paul Wegener (Dir.)
 The Cinema of Ernst Lubitsch (Dir.)  Joseph von Sternberg (Dir.) [from sensesofcinema.com]

 

 Joe May (Dir.) [from Dartmouth Univ.]  Walter Ruttmann (Dir.)  

Leading Weimar Films

(in progress)

Pre-war to 1918

The Student of Prague (1913) [from german-cinema.de]

   1919

The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari (1919) [from german-cinema.de]

The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari (1919)

The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari [poster]

The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari (1919) [synopsis from moria.co.nz (New Zealand): The Science Fiction, Horror & Fantasy Film Review]

Madame DuBarry (Passion) (1919) [from german-cinema.de]

   1920

The Golem (1920) [synopsis from moria.co.nz (New Zealand): The Science Fiction, Horror & Fantasy Film Review]

The Golem (1920) [from german-cinema.de]

   1921

Destiny (1921) [synopsis from moria.co.nz (New Zealand): The Science Fiction, Horror & Fantasy Film Review]

Nosferatu (1921) [from german-cinema.de]

Nosferatu (1921) [synopsis from moria.co.nz (New Zealand): The Science Fiction, Horror & Fantasy Film Review]

   1922

Othello (1922)

Dr. Mabuse, the Gambler (1922)

Dr. Mabuse, the Gambler (1922) [synopsis from moria.co.nz (New Zealand): The Science Fiction, Horror & Fantasy Film Review]

 1923

Fortune's Fool (1923)

The Street (1923) [from german-cinema.de]

 1924

The Last Laugh (1924) [from german-cinema.de]

Siegfried (1924)

Krimhilde's Revenge (1924)

Waxworks (1924) [synopsis from moria.co.nz (New Zealand): The Science Fiction, Horror & Fantasy Film Review]

Waxworks (1924) [from german-cinema.de]

   1925

Tartuffe (1925)

Varieté (1925) [from german-cinema.de]

The Street of Sorrow [Die Freudlose Gasse] (1925) [from german-cinema.de]

   1926

Faust -A German Folk Tale (1926) [from german-cinema.de]

Faust (1926) [synopsis from moria.co.nz (New Zealand): The Science Fiction, Horror & Fantasy Film Review]

   1927

Metropolis (1927)

Metropolis (1927) [synopsis from moria.co.nz (New Zealand): The Science Fiction, Horror & Fantasy Film Review]

Berlin, The Symphony of a Great City (1927)

Berlin, Symphony of a Great City (1927)

   1928

Pandora's Box (1928)

Spies (1928)

Sex in Chains (1928)

   1929

Asphalt (1929)

Diary of a Lost Girl (1929) [from german-cinema.de]

Woman in the Moon (1929) [synopsis from moria.co.nz (New Zealand): The Science Fiction, Horror & Fantasy Film Review]

   1930

The Blue Angel (1930)

The Blue Angel [Stanford Univ. German Dept.]

   1931

Girls in Uniform (Maedchen in Uniform )(1931) [from german-cinema.de]

M (1931)

M (1931) [from german-cinema.de]

Comradeship (Kameradschaft) (1931) [from german-cinema.de]

Threepenny Opera (1931) [Stanford Univ. German Dept.]

To Whom Does The World Belong (Kuhle Wampa) (1931) [from german-cinema.de]

Berlin-Alexanderplatz (1931) [from german-cinema.de]

Emil and the Detectives (1931) [from german-cinema.de]

   1932

The Blue Light (1932) [riefenstahl.org]

Leni Riefenstahl, Belá Balász and The Blue Light

 

 The Bakchos Film Archive

[Working Collection of the Walter Benjamin Research Syndicate]

 


Auf Deutsch

Politik

Kunst & Literatur

Kurt Tucholsky

Carl Zuckmayer


 

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